World Malaria Day is celebrated on 25th April every year all over the world. This day is celebrated to spread education, awareness and understanding about malaria. World malaria day was established in 2007 by the 60th session of world Health Working committee of WHO. Every year the day is celebrated with a theme, this year’s theme is “Zero Malaria Starts With Me”.
Malaria is consistently one of the deadliest being eradicated in many parts of the entire world. It impacts half of the global population but the good part is that it is both preventable and treatable. Indeed, this year, even as we fight COVID-19, a heightened push for malaria prevention is crucial.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne parasitic disease. It is one of the most dangerous disease in the world. According to the statistics, more than 1,100 people die every day from malaria, the majority of them are children under the age of 5.
The malaria disease is most prevalent in tropical regions and humid climates, mostly sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and Latin America. High temperatures and rainfall that leaves standing bodies of water create an environment favourable to mosquito breeding.
Malaria is caused due to bite of a vector-borne female anopheles mosquito. There are five parasitic species: P.vivax, P. falciparum, P.ovulae, P.malarie, P. knowlesi in humans.
Malaria can occur to any human being with an infection of parasite
Life cycle of malaria
Malaria is spread through the smallest of hosts, like mosquitoes. Malaria is transmitted through mosquito bites when mosquito bites any person then mosquito’s saliva enter into a person’s bloodstream. After that within a week or two weeks, an infection becomes very noticeable.
Malaria is mild to fatal disease hence, early diagnosis is as important as starting of required accurate treatment against these parasites.The diagnosis is completed in accordance to the symptoms of the disease.
Common symptoms for infection of Malaria:
Prevention and cure
Simple and effective measures to take against Malaria, to prevent from this disease on a routine basis are:
Antimalarial medications have been available for years to treat those infected with malaria disease. Traditionally, those with malaria who are properly treated can expect a full recovery. Controlling malaria requires controlling the mosquitoes that carry and transmit the parasite.
On behalf of NAYS-Pakistan, we want to have an urgent efforts and coordinated global response to prevent the spread of this devastating disease. Our aim is to encourage governments, academic institutions, philanthropies, and others to prioritise research, mobilise resources, and empower communities affected by malaria. It is our duty to activate our own network, calling on organisations and world leaders to maintain their focus on stopping the spread of malaria, even during this global pandemic.
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Article: Ms. Sundeela Fayyaz